14 Mart 2008 Cuma

Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915)

He was an American mechanical engineer and industrial management expert.He has got many researches to improve industrial efficiency.

When he was young he wants to go to Harward University Law Department but because of some medical problems he could not go to university...

He became an engineer on 1894 in the Midvale Company which he joined on 1878 as a worker.After this period,he became an administor again at the Midvale Company and he applied his ideas which were about improve the industrial efficiency and he contributed to development of the company.After very short time he gained a very important fame by his book called "Shop Managament".He thought that factory management and industrial management mechanism in his living period were exactly amauture and primitive.For magament mechanisms he tought that extra kinds of disciplines should be applied and workers should work together.He called as the father of industrial engineering by many experts.By the article called "The Principles of Scientific Management" which was writen on 1911 by Taylor he became more famous.All his ideas are called Taylorism.

Some parts of Taylorism are;

1-Managers and Workers

Taylor declared in his article The Principles of Scientific Management that divide work nearly equally between managers and workers, so that the managers apply scientific management principles to planning the work and the workers actually perform the tasks..

Some of his own sentences about this part are :

"It is only through enforced standardization of methods, enforced adoption of the best implements and working conditions, and enforced cooperation that this faster work can be assured. And the duty of enforcing the adoption of standards and enforcing this cooperation rests with management alone." (Taylor, Principles of Scientific Management, cited by Montgomery 1989:229, italics with Taylor)

"'I can say, without the slightest hesitation,' Taylor told a congressional committee, 'that the science of handling pig-iron is so great that the man who is ... physically able to handle pig-iron and is sufficiently phlegmatic and stupid to choose this for his occupation is rarely able to comprehend the science of handling pig-iron." (Montgomery 1989:251)

In his opinion,there are four principles of scientific management:

1-The development of true science

2-The scientifc selection of the worker
3-The scientific development and education of the worker

4-Confidentially and friendly cooperation between the management and the workerss

2-Management Theory

Taylor thought that by analysing work, the "One Best Way" to do it would be found. He is most remembered for developing the time and motion study. He would break a job into its component parts and measure each to the hundredth of a minute.

And I really want to be the Taylor because he opened an age for industrial engineering(scientific management) and showed a lot of topics that can be studied and developed for people after him.In fact,he inspire many people...And shortly he is my favorite ;)






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